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What the Experts Are Saying About the Nuclear Framework Deal with Iran…

What the Experts Are Saying About the Nuclear Framework Deal with Iran…

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 The Obama Administration

 

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/imagecache/gallery_img_full/image/image_file/9640275622_59890e5241_h.jpg?itok=nFOIDIAO
The White House Situation Room (Pete Souza)

 “I am convinced that if this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal, it will make our country, our allies and our world safer. It is a good deal, a deal that meets our core objectives.”

Barack Obama, President of the United States, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

“…I can tell you that the political understanding with details that we have reached is a solid foundation for the good deal that we are seeking…”

John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State, April 2, 2015, Real Clear Politics

“The individuals who say that this deal provides a pathway for Iran to a bomb are being wholly disingenuous, in my view, if they know the facts and understand what is required for a program…I certainly am pleasantly surprised that the Iranians have agreed to so much here…”

John Brennan, Director of the CIA, April 7, 2015, Reuters

“America’s leading nuclear experts at the Department of Energy and its national labs and sites were involved throughout these negotiations, evaluating and developing technical proposals to help define negotiating positions in support of the US delegation. As a result, I’m pleased to say that we are very confident in the technical underpinnings of this arrangement…”

Ernest Moniz, U.S. Secretary of Energy, April 2, 2015, U.S. Department of Energy

 

U.S. Congress

 

Recent View of West Front of Capitol

The Capitol (U.S. Capitol Visitor Center)

“So there’s a lot of skepticism, but I think when we look at the alternatives, there are no good alternatives. And so I think it behooves us to see what’s in the final agreement and take it from there.”

Jeff Flake, Senator, April 14, 2015, PBS Newshour

“It’s a better agreement, candidly, than I thought it was ever going to be. I think that it can be a very serviceable, practical agreement, and it can signal a new day…”

Dianne Feinstein, Senator, April 5, 2015, The Washington Post

“The framework agreement reached today is a positive step for diplomacy and efforts to peacefully limit Iran’s nuclear program. Thanks to Secretary Kerry and the P5+1 negotiators, as well as the power of the U.S.-led sanctions regime, the plan announced today includes significant concessions from Iran that, if fully implemented, would protect the world from nuclear proliferation in the region…”

Tim Kaine, Senator, April 2, 2015, Senator Tim Kaine’s Office

“More issues remain to be resolved, but this framework could form the basis of a historic agreement that will peacefully prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, thereby removing one of the greatest threats to the security of a region which certainly needs no more instability…”

Donald Beyer, Congressman, April 2, 2015, Congressman Keith Ellison’s Office

 

Foreign Leaders and Officials

 

Recent View of West Front of Capitol

G20 Meeting (Gobierno de Chile)

“The council of ministers expressed hope for attaining a binding and definitive agreement that would lead to the strengthening of security and stability in the region and the world…”

Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers, April 6, 2015, Reuters

“As Turkey we are very pleased that negotiations held with the P5+1 have ended in political understanding. (We are) happy to see consensus on the general framework of a final agreement. I hope the parties will reach final agreement…”

Mevlut Cavusoglu, Foreign Minister of Turkey, April 3, 2015, Reuters

“We are closer than ever to an agreement that makes it impossible for Iran to possess nuclear weapons. That is a great credit to all negotiating partners.”

Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

“This is well beyond what many of us thought possible even 18 months ago and a good basis for what I believe could be a very good deal. But there is still more work to do.”

Philip Hammond, Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

“We are convinced that the final agreement on the nuclear dossier could have positive effects both with Iran and for developments in various other crisis areas.”

Paolo Gentiloni, Foreign Minister of Italy, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

“We consider the solution that was found, from the point of view of strengthening the legal system of international relations, as bright proof that the most difficult problems and crisis situations can be resolved through political and diplomatic efforts.”

Russian Foreign Ministry, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

 

Former U.S. Government Officials

 

President Obama, then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and then-Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns (Pete Souza)

“In terms of what it is we think we know, I have not yet found anything in the contract, so to speak, that I find disqualifying…It’s more than I thought we would demand, so in that sense I’m heartened.”

Michael Hayden, former Director of the CIA, April 3, 2015, MSNBC

“There is much to do and much more to say in the months ahead, but for now diplomacy deserves a chance to succeed.”

Hillary Clinton, former U.S. Secretary of State, April 3, 2015, The Washington Post

“By eliminating 12,000 centrifuges and five bombs’ worth of low-enriched uranium, the accord extends the breakout timeline for Iran to produce the highly enriched uranium core of a bomb to one year. By requiring the reconfiguration of Iran’s planned plutonium-producing reactor at Arak, the accord essentially closes this door to a bomb. And by agreeing to establish a new mechanism that will allow unprecedented access for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to suspicious nuclear sites anywhere in Iran, the accord makes it much more difficult for Iran to cheat…”

Graham Allison, former advisor and consultant to U.S. Department of Defense, April 3, 2015, The Atlantic

“The history of the Iranian nuclear issue is littered with missed opportunities. It is a history in which fixation on the perfect crowded out the good, and in whose rearview mirror we can see deals that look a lot better now than they seemed then. With all its inevitable imperfections, we can’t afford to miss this one…”

William J. Burns, former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State, April 2, 2015, The New York Times

“…the proposed parameters and framework in the Proposed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action has the potential to meet every test in creating a valid agreement over time of the kind laid out earlier in the Burke Chair analysis circulated on March 30…No perfect agreement was ever possible and it is hard to believe a better option was negotiable. In fact, it may be a real victory for all sides: A better future for Iran, and greater security for the United States, its Arab partners, Israel, and all its other allies…”

Anthony H. Cordesman, former Director of Intelligence Assessment at U.S. Department of Defense, April 2, 2015, CSIS

“What’s the difference between a “good deal” with Iran over its nuclear program and a “bad deal”? A “good deal” is one that reduces the chance Iran will get a nuclear bomb, more than the available alternatives would. By that standard, the arrangement just announced in Lausanne, with specifics to be completed by June, is a good deal. It would greatly reduce the chance that the United States – or Israel – would ever have to face the danger or an Iranian bomb…”

Matthew Bunn, former advisor to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, April 5, 2015, The National Interest

“The agreement sketched out in the US summary, “Parameters for a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,” and in Secretary of State John Kerry’s remarks looks very good. Certainly, it is much better than the “no agreement” option that some US allies in the Middle East and many in Congress called for. A failure to agree would have been a recipe for disaster, a return to the counterpoint of escalating US sanctions and moves by Iran ever closer to a nuclear-weapon capability…’

Frank von Hippel, senior research physicist and professor of public and international affairs emeritus, Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University and former assistant director for national security in the White House Office of Science and Technology April 2, 2015, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

 

Former Foreign Government Officials

 

DoD photo by R. D. Ward. (Released)

Amos Yadlin and Fmr. SoD Donald Rumsfeld (R.D. Ward)

“Let’s not forget that Israel dubbed the interim deal reached in Geneva a “tragic agreement,” and eventually it turned out to be a good interim deal. When there was talk of its abrogation, Israel was opposed. And another thing must be said: Contrary to Israeli assessments, the Iranians have adhered to all the conditions of the interim agreement, in letter and spirit, down to the last detail. That’s something one should also keep in mind. If they implement the principles of the agreement presented yesterday in the same way, then for the next 15 years they will be frozen at a point of being one year away from a nuclear bomb, and I think this is not a negligible achievement…Many other obstacles can be expected on the road to an agreement, but all in all, I don’t think we’re dealing with a tragedy here, and not with a second Holocaust. Yes, we would have been happy if not a single centrifuge were to remain in Iran, and if possible, had it also been possible to change the ayatollahs’ regime. But none of these are achievable objects. Let’s think: After all, even a US attack will not distance Iran for 15 years from a nuclear bomb, so why not freeze it in place for the same time — without a war?”

Amos Yadlin, former Head of Israel’s Military Intelligence Directorate, April 3, 2015, Al-Monitor

“Netanyahu should accept the American offer of dialogue on the draft agreement reached in Lausanne, instead of signaling his intent to scupper it out of hand…”

Efraim Halevy, former Director of Israel’s Mossad, April 6, 2015, YNet News

“…I should say that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is a one-sided agreement. Why? While Iran has committed to carry out its responsibilities, the P5+1 countries and the European Union have committed only to suspend, not end, their sanctions. Even just this pledge to suspend sanctions is conditioned on Iran submitting for the next 20 years to highly intrusive inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency. They will call the shots while Iran will be controlled by the threat of sanctions remaining over its head…”

Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, former President of Iran (now in exile), April 3, 2015, The Huffington Post

 

Media

 

News Header by Arvin61r58

 (Arvin61r58)

“You don’t want a war with Iran…You don’t want to bomb that country because the unintended consequences will set the world aflame. So if you can get something that’s decent, you give it a shot.”

Bill O’Reilly, Fox News commentator, April 3, 2015, The Huffington Post

“The preliminary agreement between Iran and the major powers is a significant achievement that makes it more likely Iran will never be a nuclear threat…”

The New York Times Editorial Board, April 2, 2015, The New York Times

“…there has never been a nuclear deal, with any country, that is so comprehensively restrictive…”

Fred Kaplan, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, April 2, 2015, Slate

 

The Scientific Community

 

File:Argonne lab education.jpg

 (George Joch /Argonne National Laboratory)

“The framework agreement is a remarkable achievement. It has greater specificity on technical parameters, timelines, and sequencing than I imagined would have been possible. The terms spell out a fair and equitable deal for all parties. It will allow Iran’s peaceful nuclear program to grow at a natural pace, while at the same time providing a solid 15-year window during which the United States can build a stronger relationship with Iran to reduce Iran’s incentives for nuclear weapons. The negotiators are to be congratulated!”

R. Scott Kemp, assistant professor of nuclear science and engineering at MIT, former science advisor to the State Department’s Special Advisor for Nonproliferation and Arms Control, April 2, 2015, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

2 Comments

  1. […] What the Experts Are Saying About the Nuclear Framework Deal with Iran… Sungtae “Jacky” Park Here is a list of opinions from political and military leaders, academics, scientists, and other experts on the nuclear framework deal with Iran. […]

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