Due to a conﬂuence of interconnected threats, Louisiana is uniquely vulnerable to environmental change. The state features 397 miles of coastline fronting the Gulf of Mexico and an economy intimately tied to the sea; greater storm intensity (and possibly greater storm frequency) combined with higher sea levels are the most apparent,most potentially damaging, and least understood climate risks facing Louisiana. In addition to acute risks related to extreme weather, more chronic risks exacerbated by a changing climate – like land subsidence, wetlands loss and ocean acidiﬁcation – carry potentially large costs for Louisiana’s economy, property, and environment.This unique suite of environmental risks – land subsidence, sea-level rise, wetland loss, and coastal storms– have challenged Louisianans for generations.
As one of the centers of energy production, transit, and storage, Louisiana is a hub for the whole country. This ensures that any problems in Louisiana are transferred throughout the country by energy price volatility and uncertainty.